The most popular and costliest wood in the world is sandalwood. Sandal is also known as Chandanam, Srigandham in south India and Chandan in North. sandalwood is one of the renowned trees from ancient days. Hindus use this wood and its paste for pooja and religious use. Sandal wood plantation is a small evergreen tree, and partial root parasite, attaining a height of 12-13 meters, with slender drooping as well as erect branching. The tree starts flowering at an early age of 2 to 3 years, Fruit is drupe, purplish, when fully mature and single seeded.
Sandal Wood Tree was Introduced to India around 4000 Years ago. Specially Hindus in India were using the Sandal Wood paste to make “Tilak” mark on Foreheads between eyes.
Indian sandalwood’s many uses include medicine, incense, burning of chips for ritual use, perfumes and beauty care products, and for carving religious and other artifacts.
White sandal wood is the real sandal wood it is called Santalum album. Red sandal wood is called Pterocarpus santalinus- it is used in medicine and carving work. It is an endemic plant and restricted its distribution to the Royalaseema area of Andhapradesh (Thirupathi area). You can grow white sandal wood (Santalum album) – the wood oil is the premium product, used in sandal flavored soaps, perfumery industries, wood costs Rs. 2500- 3500/ kg.
For the benefit of others, here are a few details:
- The soil Preferably should be Red soil.
- Per acre you can accommodate 400 – 500 saplings based on the gap between each of them.
- If you go for a bulk order it might cost you around 90/- per sapling.
- No Permission required at the time of Plantation only at the time of Harvest you need to take a NOC from the Forest Department.
- Government used to provide subsidy till few weeks back. But, have currently they have stopped it.
Many traditional investment is available, investing in Sandalwood plantation is one of smartest choice of all. Limited supply of Sandalwood and its oil makes it precious. Further, Sandalwood is a precious commodity whose value is appreciating with time, ensuring huge returns in the future.
In other words Our Sandalwood Farms deploys appropriate methods to cultivate Sandalwood.
Anatomy of Tree Trunk:
Hence here the Anatomy of Tree Trunk:
We can see from below pic “Heart Wood” is the middle portion.
For Sandal Wood Trees , this portion plays the major Role
How to Grow a Sandalwood Tree:
Select a planting site with a blend of loam and sand that drains well. Dig a hole about a foot deep, and fill it with some water. There fore if the liquid disappears underground within 24 hours, the area offers adequate drainage. Raise the sandalwood trees in a weed-free environment their first two years to allow them to fully develop without having to compete for nutrients.
Almost In 6 – 10 Months seedlings become ready for transplantation. One year Old seedling ready for planting are available in our concern. As estimated 500, trees can be planted in a hectare and after 25 years minimum 500kg of heart wood/tree can be obtained. thus one can expect 25000kg of wood from one hectare plantation. after that at an average market rate of Rs.75/kg an income of Rs 177.5 lakhs is expected.
Investing on sandal wood cultivation (lands) is only the way to be rich in the sleeping.
- Rich red soil is required for red sandal plantation.
- Up to 400 plants can be grown. But sandal needs a host plant in between, and so spacing will alter. It depends up on the spacing also
- Mostly There should be a distance of 12 X 12 between plants.
- Water 10 liter/plant/two days has to be provided.
- In conclusion Drip irrigation is the best process for providing water.
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